Final follow-up was performed at a mean of 147 months Outcome me

Final follow-up was performed at a mean of 147 months. Outcome measures included the Constant score and the Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV). Osteoarthritis,

the acromiohumeral distance, and the so-called BAY 73-4506 purchase critical shoulder angle were assessed on standardized radiographs.

Results: Forty-six shoulders in forty-four patients were available at the time of final follow-up. The mean SSV increased from 29% preoperatively to 70% at the time of final follow-up, the relative Constant score improved from 56% to 80%, and the pain score improved from 7 to 13 points (p < 0.0001 for all). Mean flexion increased from 118 degrees to 132 degrees, abduction increased from 112 degrees to 123 degrees, and external rotation increased from 18 to 33. Mean abduction strength increased from 1.2 to 2.0 kg (p = 0.001). There was a slight but significant increase in osteoarthritic changes. Inferior results occurred, in shoulders with insufficiency of the subscapularis muscle and fatty infiltration of the teres minor muscle. Superior functional results were observed in shoulders with a small postoperative

critical shoulder angle.

Conclusions: Latissimus dorsi tendon transfer offered an effective treatment for irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears, with substantial and durable improvements in shoulder function and pain relief. Shoulders with fatty infiltration of the teres minor muscle and insufficiency of the subscapularis muscle tended to have inferior results, as did those with a large critical shoulder angle.”
“Abdominal pain is common and frequently LDK378 solubility dmso debilitating in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Medical therapy includes abstinence

from tobacco and alcohol and the use of analgesics and adjunctive agents. In many patients, a trial of non-enteric-coated pancreatic enzymes and/or antioxidants may be tried. Endoscopic or surgical therapy requires careful patient selection based on a detailed analysis of pancreatic ductal anatomy. Those with a non-dilated main pancreatic duct have limited endoscopic and surgical alternatives. The presence of a dilated main pancreatic duct makes endoscopic or surgical therapy possible, which may include ductal decompression or pancreatic resection, or both. Randomised trials suggest surgical therapy is more durable and effective than endoscopic therapy. Less commonly employed options include EUS-guided coeliac plexus block, thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy, or total pancreatectomy with auto islet cell transplantation. These are used rarely when all other options have failed and only in very carefully selected patients. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Lipid oxidation is one of the major chemical reactions occurring during food processing or storage and may have a strong impact on the final quality of foods.

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