The probability of faecal contamination of milk, and thus the ris

The probability of faecal contamination of milk, and thus the risk of pathogens transfer appears to be modulated more by farm management than by the structure of the farm or the health status

of the herd. Such a method, combined with the microbiological evaluation of the prevalence of faecal excretion of such pathogens, can be used to implement a risk-based surveillance programme and to apply targeted control measures. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Cardanol-based novolac resins were separately prepared with different mole ratios of cardanol-to-formaldehyde with different acid catalysts. These resins were epoxidized with epichlorohydrin, in basic medium, at 120 degrees C. The resins were, separately, blended with different weight percentages of carboxyl-terminated butadiene acrylonotrile copolymer and cured with polyamine. Structural VRT752271 changes during blending were studied by FTIR spectroscopic analysis. Coats-Redfern equation was utilized to calculate the kinetic parameters, viz., order of decomposition reaction (n), activation energy (E), pre-exponential factor (Z), and rate decomposition constant (k), for the decomposition of the samples. It was found that the degradation selleck products of the epoxies and their blend samples proceeded in two steps. (C) 2009 Wiley

Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 114:1694-1701, 2009″
“Aim. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis treatment is selleckchem difficult to assess and there is a need for new tools. The aim of this observational pilot study is to evaluate the potential

role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the initial staging and treatment evaluation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis.\n\nMethods. Twenty-eight patients were included between January 2009 and 2010. Twenty-three had a 18F-FDG PET/CT before treatment and/or during and/or after treatment. All patients will be followed for 18 months after the end of treatment. A control group of five patients with previous history of tuberculosis was also included and PET/CT was performed.\n\nResults. Three cases of differential diagnosis were excluded of the study. The initial PET for staging showed additional lesions in 8/10 patients compared to conventional imaging. At the end of treatment, 6/11 patients had a negative PET, and 5/11 patients had a positive PET. PET had a significant clinical impact for 3/10 patients at initial staging (guiding biopsy or increase of planned treatment duration), and for 3/16 during follow up (extend or early interruption of the treatment). All PET scans in the control group were negative.\n\nConclusion. 18F-FDG PET has an excellent sensitivity for the detection of extrapulmonary tuberculosis lesion and excellent negative predictive values. The impact of initial PET staging seems significant.

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