, 2012). Nonetheless, despite these intense periods and relatively high mean intensity, players�� RPE was at a moderate level during all formats of games (Table 3). A similar result was also observed in a study of male Tipifarnib leukemia and female recreational players (Randers et al., 2010). This finding may imply that, even though relative physiological stress imposed on players was high, they could not accurately perceive their level of fatigue. Thus, depending on the motivational climate of the games, the players might overexert themselves. Such a situation may be potentially hazardous, and can cause undesirable cardiovascular events by diminishing players�� self-control. Therefore, participants should be aware of their limits to ensure the safety of an activity.
This suggestion is especially relevant for participants who do not participate regularly in sport activity, or who are overweight and clinical (Boyd et al., 2012). A few previous studies addressed the technical actions performed during various formats of recreational games (Randers et al., 2010). This may be because technical actions are not the major aim of recreational soccer. However, as mentioned earlier, individuals�� participation in an activity is not only related to a belief in health benefits but also for the enjoyment and satisfaction associated with it. The findings of this study demonstrated that, independent of pitch size, the players performed more successful passes and dribbling, and fewer unsuccessful passes during 5-a-side games compared to 7-a-side.
Furthermore, technical actions were also influenced by pitch size in that the number of ball possessions and unsuccessful passes was higher on the small pitch. A study involving untrained males reported more tackles when playing 4-a-side or fewer players than for 7-a-side games (Randers et al., 2010). Jones and Drust (2007) reported that the number of individual ball contacts per game increased by reducing the number of players involved. A previous study of youth professional players also showed that additional players led to fewer technical actions performed per player (Owen et al., 2004). On the other hand, studies in soccer players indicated that increasing the size of the pitch had no significant effect on the technical actions performed (Kelly and Drust, 2009; Owen et al., 2004).
Solely in terms of technical actions employed, the results of the present study may Anacetrapib lead to the conclusion that players may have more chance to perform basic technical actions during 5-a-side games, especially on small pitches but also on large pitches. Thus, 5-a-side games in both pitch sizes could increase the enjoyment and satisfaction level of participants. Nonetheless, this issue requires more detailed analysis using larger research groups. In this study, technical actions were accepted as indicative of players�� enjoyment and satisfaction associated with match-play.