(C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The importance of getting transition right for young people with diabetes is increasingly recognized and a strong professional consensus has emerged on best practice in this domain. Research evidence to inform the design of transitional healthcare services is weak, however,
and prevailing views about ‘the problem of transition’ see more are based on a number of assumptions about adolescence, adulthood and chronic disease management which have been accepted uncritically.\n\nDrawing on youth studies and the sociology of chronic disease management, in this paper we describe how ‘the problem of transition’ has been defined in the professional and UK policy literature and examine the assumptions that underpin it.\n\nWe argue that the overwhelming emphasis is on how best to support young
people in fitting in with the healthcare system. This has produced an orientation which is more concerned with supporting young people in the process of becoming adults rather than giving attention to their contemporaneous experiences and needs. Two years after the introduction of the UK National Service Framework for diabetes, the challenge of transitional services remains.\n\nWe suggest that the time has come to consider alternative formulations of the ‘problem’. Rather Selleck Danusertib than asking how best to manage transition, we might ask how best to meet the needs of young people with diabetes at find more this stage of the life course. This requires an understanding of their experiences, the social networks in which they are embedded and consideration of how self-management might be supported by the healthcare system.\n\nDiabet. Med. 26, 162-166 (2009).”
“This work reports a first-principles study of copper adhesion on Ta(110) and Ru(0001) surface with the density functional theory. Adsorption energy, electron density difference, and geometrical structures of Cu on pure,
oxygen, and nitrogen doped Ta(110), Ru(0001) surfaces, and Ru doped Ta(110) surface were investigated. By analyzing the calculated results and the existing experimental results, it is found that although Ta has stronger chemical interaction with Cu, its larger lattice mismatch with Cu, and easy oxidation and nitridation make Ta a poorer Cu adhesion layer in comparison with Ru. The adhesion ability of Cu on Ta can be improved by doping Ru in Ta. The agglomeration of Cu on Ta or Ru is also studied. The calculation results show that Cu adsorbed on Ta(110) surface is more likely to be desorbed and agglomerated on the top of the second Cu atom layer. The substitutional oxygen O(Ta) in Ta will stimulate the agglomeration of Cu on the Ta surface. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.