Conclusion: Patients’ and relatives’

substantial needs an

Conclusion: Patients’ and relatives’

substantial needs and psychological problems require professional support even after completion of the patients’ treatment. Continued assessment of the patients’ and their relatives’ needs and of the patients’ symptoms provide the basis for purposeful counselling and education. Rehabilitation programs for patients and their relatives should be developed and implemented in clinical practice. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Ethyl acetate extracts of Armillaria tabescens (strain JNB-OZ344) showed significant fungistatic and bacteristatic activities against several major human pathogens including Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium intracellulare. Chemical analysis of these extracts led to the isolation and identification JQ1 nmr of four new compounds, emestrin-F (1), emestrin-G (2), 6-O-(4-O-methyl–D-glucopyranosyl)-8-hydroxy-2,7-dimethyl-4H-benzopyran-4-one (3) and cephalosporolide-J (4), along with five other previously known compounds, emestrin (5), cephalosporolide-E (6), decarestrictine-C-2 (7), ergosterol and brassicasterol. Structural elucidation of all compounds was carried out by NMR and MS analyses. Antimicrobial assays revealed that compounds 1 and 5 were responsible for the observed growth inhibitory activities of the fungal extracts against the human pathogens tested.”

β-Nicotinamide price have calculated by either

macrospin analytical method or micromagnetic numerical solving the microwave-assisted switching of a small rectangular platelet as a function of the amplitude and the frequency of a microwave excitation field. The spectral analysis of this phenomenon reveals that microwave-assisted switching is optimal for a rf slightly lower than the linear magnetic resonance frequency measured at low level. Similar experimental results, obtained on 100 mu m scale NiFe structures, reveal the same tendency. Switching time for such a process was obtained from calculations that show that subnanosecond switching times require combinations of large dc and rf magnetic fields. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3093949]“
“Objective: Danusertib Long-term sickness absence is common among women with breast cancer and more knowledge, from the individuals’ perspective, is needed regarding factors that influence their return to work (RTW). The aim was to gain knowledge about women’s experiences of encounters regarding RTW after breast cancer surgery.

Methods: Qualitative content analysis was applied to data obtained in four focus group interviews with 23 women treated for breast cancer regarding aspects of RTW.

Results: The women talked about encounters regarding RTW they had had with the following stake-holders: social insurance staff, employers, colleagues, healthcare personnel, family, and friends.

Reported herein is the case of a young gravid woman, who initiall

Reported herein is the case of a young gravid woman, who initially presented with vague systemic symptoms that evolved into a disseminated cryptococcosis, which was resistant to standard parenteral antifungal therapy and resulted in abortion. Experience from this case suggests that cryptococcal infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pregnant women presenting with vague systemic symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain, and generalized lymphadenopathy. (C) 2009 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: To explore how nurses experienced catastrophic upper gastrointestinal bleeding in hepatocellular

carcinoma (HCC) patients.

Methods: A qualitative descriptive method was used. Data were collected by semi- structured interviews. Twenty-one GSK2126458 ic50 registered nurses who had taken care of HCC patients with catastrophic upper gastrointestinal VX-661 nmr bleeding were purposely recruited from the Department of Hepatobiliary Cancer, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital located in mainland China.


Four themes explicated from the study were: feelings expressed during the process of rescuing the lives of patients, feelings expressed from succeeding or failing to save the lives of patients, feelings expressed from family members response to nurses’ actions, the impact of the experience on the personal life, work and philosophy of life of the nurse subjects.

Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that it is necessary for PCI-34051 cell line nursing leaders to take effective measures to improve nurses’ nursing skills, to provide more education in care of the dying, to offer nurses services that address their psychosocial health and to provide them with emotional support. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objective. This study attempted to clarify whether differential immunocytokeratin expression occurs in cystic and epithelialized noncystic lesions.


design. From January 2003 to June 2004, periapical surgery was carried out on 70 teeth, collecting 70 histologic samples. Serial sections of original histologic slices were prepared for immunostaining. The antibodies used were against cytokeratins CK7, AE1, AE3, AE1-3, and CAM52. The intensity of staining was evaluated as follows: 0 = no cells stained; 1 = weak staining (11%-25%); 2 = moderate staining (26%-75%); and 3 = intense staining (>= 76%).

Results. Ten epithelized granulomas and 6 cysts were included. Intense staining was seen for AE1 and AE1-3 in the 2 types of lesion; staining with AE3 was moderate for epithelized granulomas and cysts. CK7 demonstrated a light reactivity in the outermost epithelial layer. CAM52 showed weak staining for the epithelized granuloma and moderate for the cyst.


The same methodology of extraction was applied to cork, for compa

The same methodology of extraction was applied to cork, for comparative purposes. Eighteen phenolic compounds were identified in cork, five of them are reported for the first time as its constituents. Sixteen

and thirteen phenolic compounds were identified as cork powder and black condensate components, respectively, with only one compound of each residue published before as its constituent. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was evaluated, being, to our knowledge, the first study concerning the antioxidant activity of these cork residues. check details The extracts present an antioxidant activity higher than BHT, with black condensate showing the lowest IC50 value. These results, together with the phenolic content values, demonstrate the high potential of these residues

as source of high value compounds. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction: Chemokines are important players in directing the migration of cancer cells as part of the metastatic process. The aim of this study is to develop an easy-to-perform, reliable, and inexpensive assay for rapid analysis of anti-chemotactic activity of chemokine antagonists under a number of experimental conditions. Methods: An agarose spot containing the chemokine chemoattractant is applied to a glass petri dish. P5091 cost Live cells in a media, both with and without a chemokine antagonist, are added to the dish this website and, following cell adhesion, the migration under the agarose spot is observed and analysed by microscopy. Results: In the absence of CXCL12 in the agarose, no migration under the agarose spot is detected. In the presence of CXCL12, significant migration under the agarose spot is observed which can be retarded if a neutralising monoclonal antibody or a small molecule antagonist is added to

the media. Discussion: This experimental configuration is a reliable, inexpensive and easy-to-perform chemotaxis assay, which enables assessment of the activity of CXCR4 antagonists. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Several versions of the 24-item Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) have been proposed; however, their responsiveness has not been extensively explored. The objective of this study was to compare the responsiveness of four versions of the RMDQ. Perceived disability was measured using the 24-item, two 18-item and an 11-item RMDQ on 1,069 low back pain patients from six randomised controlled trials. Responsiveness was calculated using effect size, Guyatt’s responsiveness index (GRI) and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. Effect size analyses showed that both 18-item versions of the RMDQ were superior to the 24- and 11-item versions of the RMDQ. GRI showed that the 24- and 18-item versions of the RMDQ were similar but more responsive than the 11-item.

The intercalation of LFA (0 25, 0 5, and 1 wt %) in Cloisite (R)

The intercalation of LFA (0.25, 0.5, and 1 wt %) in Cloisite (R) 93A was carried by varying the microwave irradiation time from 30 to 90 s. X-ray diffraction studies confirmed that microwave irradiation

resulted in higher intercalation in a shorter reaction time. The basal spacings were shifted from 12.34 to 16.45 angstrom on microwave irradiation for 30 s while exfoliation occurred at and beyond 60 s exposure. Controlled morphology of the nanohybrids was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy analysis on microwave irradiation for 30 s. This biomodified Cloisite (R) 93A could be used for the preparation of polyesters, poly-esteramides, and polyurethanes of controlled morphology for various applications in biomedicine. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. MI-503 manufacturer J Appl Polym Sci 121: 2317-2323, 2011″
“Purpose: To compare visualization of subtle normal and abnormal findings at computed tomography (CT) of the chest for diffuse lung disease with images reconstructed with filtered back projection and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) techniques.

Materials and Methods: In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved study, 24 patients underwent 64-section multi-detector

row CT of the chest for evaluation of diffuse lung disease. Scanning parameters included a pitch of 0.984:1 and 120 kVp in thin-section mode, with 2496 views per rotation compared with 984 views Autophagy inhibitors library acquired for normal mode. The 0.625-mm-thick images were reconstructed with filtered back projection, ASIR, and ASIR high-definition (ASIR-HD) kernels. Two thoracic radiologists independently assessed the filtered back projection, ASIR, and ASIR-HD images for small anatomic details (interlobular septa, centrilobular region, and small bronchi and bronchioles), abnormal findings (reticulation, tiny nodules, altered attenuation, bronchiectasis), image quality (graded by using a six-point scale, where 1 = excellent image quality, and 5 = interpretation impossible), image noise, and artifacts. Data were tabulated for statistical testing.


For visualization of normal and pathologic structures, CT image series reconstructed with ASIR-HD were rated substantially better than those reconstructed with filtered back projection and ASIR (P selleck kinase inhibitor < .001). ASIR-HD images were superior to filtered back projection images in 15 of 24 (62%) patients for visualization of normal structures and in 24 of 24 (100%) patients for pathologic findings. ASIR-HD was superior to ASIR in three of 24 (12%) images for normal anatomic findings and in seven of 24 (29%) images for pathologic evaluation. None of the images in the three groups were rated as unacceptable for noise (P < .001).

Conclusion: ASIR-HD reconstruction results in superior visualization of subtle and tiny anatomic structures and lesions in diffuse lung disease compared with ASIR and filtered back projection reconstructions.

The controlling therapy with small-dosage and low-concentration b

The controlling therapy with small-dosage and low-concentration bleomycin A5 plus dexamethasone can treat the parotid hemangiomas of infants effectively, especially for lesions in AZD9291 the early phase and proliferative phase. Early control and long-term observation are the key aspects of treatment. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2009; 108: 62-69)”
“In this study, we modified montmorillonite (MMT) with dilauryl dimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB) and then exfoliated the structures in

a poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix. We used polar optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) to examine the morphologies of the resulting composites, differential scanning calorimetry to study the melting and crystallization behavior, and Fourier transform infrared

(FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy to measure the influence of the intermolecular interactions between PLLA and MMT on the isothermal crystallization temperature. We found that the DDAB-modified MMT was distributed uniformly in the PLLA beta-catenin cancer matrix. At temperatures ranging from 130 to 140 degrees C, the crystalline morphology resembled smaller Maltese cross-patterned crystallites; at temperatures from 150 to 170 degrees C, however, the number of crystallites decreased, their sizes increased, and they possessed ringed spherulite structures. In the XRD spectra, the intensity of the diffraction peaks of the 200/110 and 203 facets of the PLLA/MMT nanocomposites decreased as the crystallization temperature increased. In the FTIR spectra, the absorption peak of the C = O groups split into two signals at 1748 and 1755 cm(-1) when the isothermal crystallization temperature was higher than 140 degrees C. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 117: 434-442, 2010″
“We present experimental evidence of negative thermal conductivity enhancement LXH254 datasheet in nanofluids consisting of 2 nm titania nanoparticles dispersed in 50% (w/w) water+ethylene glycol. This behavior is unlike that of other nanofluids, which have been shown to exhibit positive thermal conductivity enhancements. Our results for titania nanofluids

suggest that the thermal conductivity of 2 nm titania nanoparticles is smaller than the thermal conductivity of the base fluid at the same temperature, indicating a dramatic decrease in the thermal conductivity of titania particles as the particle size becomes of the same order as the phonon mean free path. Although such a decrease has been predicted for semiconductor nanoparticles by theory and simulation, experimental evidence has hitherto been lacking. Our results provide indirect experimental evidence for this decrease in metal oxide particles, and validate our previous work on alumina nanofluids that showed an exponential decrease in the thermal conductivity of alumina particles with decreasing particle size, from a limiting value for large (micron-sized) particles. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.

“Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)/epoxidized natural rubber (E

“Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)/epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) blends containing 10 and 30 wt % ENR were prepared by using an internal mixer. Five different types of curing systems were employed: dicumyl peroxide (DCP), sulfur (S), phenolic resin (Ph), DCP + S, and DCP + Ph. DCP could crosslink with both EVA and ENR while S and Ph were curing agents ACY-241 mouse for ENR. The DCP system provided the lowest tensile properties

and tear strength because of low crosslinking in ENR phase. Addition of sulfur or phenolic resin increased the mechanical properties due to a better vulcanization of the rubber phase. The mechanical properties of the blends decreased with increasing ENR content. The rubber particle size in the blends containing 30% ENR played a more important role in the mechanical properties than the blends containing 10% ENR. ENR particle buy 17DMAG size did not affect heat shrinkability of EVA and a well vulcanized rubber phase was not required for high heat shrinkage. Furthermore, heat

shrinkage of the blends slightly changed as the ENR content increased for all curing systems. With regard to the mechanical properties and heat shrinkability, the most appropriate curing system was DCP + Ph and in the case the 10 wt % ENR content produced a more favorable blend. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 119: 38-46, 2011″
“Objective: The goal of the study described here was to determine if executive dysfunction and impulsivity are related to risk for suicide and suicide attempts in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.

Method: Forty-two patients with temporal lobe epilepsy were recruited. A detailed medical history, neurological examination, serial EEGs, Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, executive function. and MRI were assessed. Multiple regression

analysis PP2 molecular weight was carried Out to examine predictive associations between clinical variables and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test measures.

Results: Patients’ scores on the Risk for Suicide Scale (n = 24) were greater than 7, which means they had the highest relative risk for suicide attempts. Family history of psychiatric disease, current major depressive episode, left temporal lobe epilepsy, and perseverative responses and total errors on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test increased by 6.3 and 7.5 suicide risk and suicide attempts, respectively. Executive dysfunction (specifically perseverative responses and more total errors) contributed greatly to suicide risk.

Conclusion: Executive performance has a major impact on suicide risk and suicide attempts in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Some plant resistance genes occur as allelic series, with each member conferring specific resistance against a subset of pathogen races.

Reusability and the rate of wear as a result of suturing were doc

Reusability and the rate of wear as a result of suturing were documented. Total cost was calculated in euros (sic).

RESULTS: This study resulted in a simulation model very similar in size to the actual anatomical dimensions of the mitral valve. Various pathological conditions, according to Carpentier’s Functional Classification, could be simulated. This led to the possibility of providing training in several mitral valve surgical techniques. As the model developed, it became clear that it could also be used to practice tricuspid valve surgery techniques. Maximum mean suture tensions on the silicone teat and dental dam were 42.11 and 11.15 N/m(2), respectively. The feeding teat started

wearing after approximately 45 suture placements. learn more Total cost of the study model was <sic>5.14.

CONCLUSIONS: This relatively simple, low-cost, low-fidelity model can provide simulation training in nearly the full range of mitral valve and tricuspid valve surgical techniques, in both the classic open approach and the minimally invasive approach-and do so almost anywhere. Especially when used by young cardiothoracic

surgeons in training, this model may contribute to the development of technical skills and procedural knowledge required for adequate performance in the operating room.”
“Recent studies have proposed that GW4869 clinical trial MART-1 may falsely stain clusters of intraepidermal nonmelanocytic cells in lichenoid dermatitides. This may become an issue especially in isolated lesions of lichen planus-like keratosis (LPLK), a condition also known as benign lichenoid keratosis, and one that is often mistaken clinically for a malignant cutaneous neoplasm. LPLKs are known to exhibit basal epidermal pseudonests, mimicking a regressing melanocytic lesion histologically, and often click here may prompt the pathologist to obtain a MART-1 stain. If MART-1 is falsely positive, it may seal an incorrect diagnosis. To determine whether or not pseudonests

in LPLK decorated with MART-1, we reviewed 70 cases from our institution, stained them with MART-1 (Thermo Fisher-Lab Vision, Ab3 clone, 1: 400 dilution, heat-induced epitope retrieval with 0.02M citrate buffer at pH 6.0), and evaluated them for the presence or absence of staining within pseudonests. Four cases demonstrated an occasional MART-1-positive junctional nest. In these cases, microphthalmia transcription factor was also positive, confirming a true melanocytic origin. None of the other cases showed a MART-1 pattern that would have been suspicious for a melanocytic lesion. We propose that this discrepancy between our study and prior ones may be explained by differences in staining protocols or by a very low incidence of non-specific staining. Our study suggests that MART-1 is a useful marker in differentiating melanocytic nests from pseudonests in LPLK.

As a consequence, the peak in electron density also moves from th

As a consequence, the peak in electron density also moves from the center of the

chamber toward its outer periphery. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3406153]“
“Two-year outcomes of treating cystocele with a polypropylene mesh (Perigee SystemA (R) with InteProA (R), AMS, Inc.) placed via a transobturator approach are reported.

A prospective, multicenter trial was conducted evaluating 114 women with a parts per thousand yen stage II anterior wall prolapse defined using International Continence Society guidelines. Treatment success was defined as anterior stage a parts per thousand currency sign I at a 24-month follow-up. Quality of life questionnaires were administered at baseline and follow-up. Complications BTK inhibitor were reported via adverse events.

Efficacy at 24 months was 88.5% (77/87). Pelvic floor distress inventory, pelvic floor impact questionnaire-7, and pelvic organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual questionnaire were all significantly improved from baseline (p < 0.001). Complication rates reported were vaginal mesh extrusion 10.5% (12/114) and groin, pelvic, or vaginal pain 4.4% (5/114). Six subjects reported de

novo dyspareunia. Out of the 49 subjects reporting dyspareunia at baseline, 15 were resolved postoperatively.

The Perigee System is an effective treatment to repair anterior wall prolapse with a low rate of complications through a 2-year follow-up.”
“We describe a technique that uses IntraLase-created zigzag incisions for deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. In this see more technique, the laser creates a precise incision that extends to within 70 mu m of the recipient Descemet membrane. The deep incision minimizes air escape into the peripheral cornea during big-bubble formation. In cases that require hand dissection, the deep incision provides a reference for gauging the dissection depth. The angled incision edge facilitates final stromal excision with scissors. Compared

with standard vertical incisions, the zigzag incision provides an interlocking wound configuration and facilitates matching the donor and recipient SB203580 solubility dmso anterior surfaces.”
“Galfenol (Fe(100-x)Ga(x)) is a relatively new, highly magnetostrictive active material with strains of about 330 ppm as a slow cooled single crystal and about 280 ppm as a highly textured polycrystal at x=similar to 18.4. Four main advantages over other materials are (1) Galfenol’s structural strength; (2) the ability of a single composition to operate over the temperature range of -269-+150 degrees C (for stress annealed rods, higher for unannealed rods); (3) the ability of stress annealed Galfenol to provide full performance under stresses ranging from at least -160 to +30 MPa (compressive stresses are negative); and (4) the ability to use standard metal working techniques.

The authors, journal, date and country of publication, study type

The authors, journal, date and country of publication, study type, group studied, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are given. We conclude that, on the whole, the nine retrieved studies clearly support the use of surgical stabilization

in the management of isolated multiple non-flail and painful rib fractures for improving patient outcomes. The interest and benefit was shown not only in terms of pain (McGill pain questionnaire) and respiratory function (forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 s and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity), but also in improved quality of life (RAND 36-Item Health Survey) and reduced socio-professional disability. Indeed, most of the authors justified surgical management learn more based on the fact that the results of surgical stabilization showed improvement in short- and long-term patient outcomes, with fast reduction in pain and disability, as well as lower average wait before recommencing normal activities. Hence, the current evidence shows surgical stabilization to be safe and effective in alleviating post-operative pain and in improving patient recovery, thus enhancing the outcome after isolated multiple rib fractures. However, given the

little published evidence, prospective trials are necessary to confirm these encouraging results.”
“For more than Rigosertib 40 years, AI (artificial insemination) has been carried out with pigs. In some countries, it constitutes since the 1990s the dominant procedure with piglet production to fertilize the sow. This procedure of insemination with fresh semen has become prevalent in all countries on a worldwide basis with an important pig meat production, with the exception of China. Meanwhile, up to 90% of the sows have been artificially inseminated. The trend is still upwards. As the need of pig meat and thus the production continues to increase, one can proceed on the assumption that the number of semen doses, which is necessary for this procedure, will likewise increase correspondingly. Until now, the trade beyond borders has only been marginal. An improvement in the sense of

a longer Selleck PD-1 inhibitor shelf life for semen doses is indispensable for the trade over longer distances.”
“Background-Several studies have concluded that diabetes mellitus and heart disease carry similar risk for future cardiovascular disease (CVD). Most of these studies were too small to quantify independent risks specific to women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diabetes mellitus is a coronary heart disease (CHD) risk equivalent for prediction of future CHD and CVD events in women.

Methods and Results-The Raloxifene Use for the Heart (RUTH) trial was an international, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of raloxifene and CVD outcomes in 10 101 postmenopausal women selected for high CHD risk.

The isolated compounds showed radical scavenging activity against

The isolated compounds showed radical scavenging activity against DPPH with IC(50) values in the range of 0.21-19.90mM.”
“Purpose: To evaluate the learning curve of pediatric laparoscopic herniorrhaphy (LH), the authors report a retrospective analysis comparing results obtained with this technique and the traditional herniotomy to determine how many procedures are necessary to obtain the results described in the literature.

Patients selleck screening library and Methods: From May 2008 to February 2012, a total of 140 patients (110 boys and 30 girls) with uncomplicated inguinal hernia

(IH) consecutively underwent surgery. Patients were divided in two groups: The “”Open”" group of 83 patients (M:F 64:19) with a mean age of 33.2 months

who were operated on with traditional herniotomy and the “”Lap”" group of 57 patients (M:F 46:11) with a mean age of 34.5 months who were operated on with LH. Operative time and complications of the 5-Fluoracil in vivo techniques were analyzed statistically.

Results: In the Open group, the mean operative time for monolateral repair was 35.4 +/- 17.7 minutes compared with the Lap group time of 29.9 +/- 15.9 minutes; for bilateral repair, the mean operative time for the Open group was 56.2 +/- 19.3 minutes compared with the Lap group time of 41.5 +/- 10.4 minutes. The analysis shows a shorter operative time for the laparoscopic repair for both monolateral (P = 0.73) and bilateral (P = 0.0001) hernia. Recurrences occurred in one (0.9%) patient in the Open group and in two (2.7%) patients in the Lap group (P = 0.577).

Conclusions: This experience shows that LH is a reliable technique. Retrospective analysis revealed a shorter

mean operative time for the laparoscopic intervention LCL161 mouse both for monolateral and bilateral IH repair. Recurrences in the Lap group occurred in the first 10 patients treated, and the mean operative time was reached in 20 monolateral LHs and after 15 bilateral herniorrhaphies. From this analysis, the learning curve for the LH needs a minimum of 20 procedures.”
“Hairy polyp is an unusual developmental malformation that is most frequently seen as a pedunculated tumor in the neonate. They are benign lesions containing elements of both ectodermal and mesodermal origin. The symptoms of hairy polyps relate both to their location and their size. Larger lesions produce symptoms due to feeding difficulties and airway obstruction while smaller lesions cause intermittent symptoms resulting from a ball-valve type of obstruction.

We present two cases of a soft palate hairy polyp causing respiratory and feeding difficulties and review the literature. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“A small positron-generating branch in 90-Yttrium (Y-90) decay enables post-therapy dose assessment in liver cancer radioembolization treatment.