Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into two groups and maintained on either a normal diet (ND) or HFD. Seven weeks of HFD significantly decreased the numbers of newly generated cells in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus without neuronal loss. HFD also increased the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and decreased the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus. The toxic effects of MDA were evaluated on
neural progenitor cells (NPCs). MDA reduced the growth of NPCs, but BDNF treatment restored NPCs proliferation. The present data indicate that a HFD impairs hippocampal neurogenesis and NPCs proliferation through increased lipid peroxidation and decreased BDNF. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) induces relocalization of several nucleolar proteins. We have found that, as for fibrillarin, the HSV-1-induced selleck compound redistribution of two RNA polymerase I components, upstream binding factor (UBF) and RPA194, was independent of the viral protein UL24, which affects nucleolin localization. Nevertheless, the kinetics and sites of redistribution for fibrillarin and UBF differed. Interestingly, UBF remained associated
with RPA194 during infection. Although UBF is redistributed to viral replication compartments during infection, we did not detect foci of UBF at early sites of viral DNA synthesis, suggesting that it may not be directly involved in this process at early times.”
“Linkage analysis identified a region on chromosome 9p associated with Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD). A detailed analysis of candidate MLN2238 manufacturer genes lying in this region demonstrated an association with Ubiquitin Associated Protein (UBAP)1. The distribution of five Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the chromosome 9 haplotype identified via linkage analysis, including UBAP1 rs7018487, UBAP2 rs1785506 and rs307658, and KIF24 rs17350674 and rs10814083, has been determined in Benzatropine a population of 284 patients diagnosed with FTLD, including
245 with behavioural variant Frontotemporal Dementia (bvFTD), 23 with Progressive Aphasia and 16 with Semantic Dementia, compared with 318 age-matched controls. A statistically significant increased frequency of the KIF24 rs17350674 AA genotype was observed in patients compared with controls (7.4 versus 2.5%; P = 0.0068, OR: 3.63, CI: 1.58-8.35). Considering each syndrome separately, similar results where obtained in bvFTD versus controls (7.7 versus 2.5%, P = 0.005, OR: 3.26, CI: 1.40-7.57). Stratifying for gender, a statistically significant increased genotypic frequency was observed in female patients as compared with female controls (8.9 versus 2.5%, P = 0.008, OR: 3.85, Cl: 1.36-10.93). In silico analysis predicted that the substitution from W to L caused by the rs17350674 affects protein function (P < 0.05).