We hypothesized that CHO + WPI will improve performance and recovery by increasing muscle glycogen levels and facilitating adaptive response, compared to CHO click here alone. Methods Subjects Six healthy endurance trained cyclists and Selinexor cell line triathletes volunteered to complete the study (age 29 ± 4 years, weight 74 ± 2 kg, VO2 max 63 ± 3 ml oxygen. kg-1. min, height 183 ± 5 cm; mean ± SEM). This study was approved by Victoria University Human Research
Ethics Committee. The purpose and potential risks of the experiment were explained to participants prior to them providing written informed consent. Participants completed a standard medical questionnaire prior to commencing trials. Involvement in this study required attainment of a maximal oxygen consumption of at least 60 ml oxygen kg-1 min-1 and not having consumed whey protein supplements in the 12 weeks prior to the study. Preliminary measurements Participants reported to the laboratory for a VO2 max cycling test on a cycle ergometer. The exercise test consisted of 3 min at 3 sub-maximal workloads followed by subsequent increments of 25 watts (W) every min until fatigue. During the test, subjects’ heart rate (HR) was monitored and respiratory gases collected continuously for gas analysis. Respiratory gas
measurements were measured using open circuit spirometry indirect calorimetry using a metabolic cart. Data obtained from participants VO2 max was used to calculate their workloads (70% and 90% Dactolisib nmr VO2 max) for the exercise trial. A standard curve was constructed from the 3 sub-maximal workloads and VO2. The predicted VO2 max was then used to calculate the percentage workloads (W) according to the linear equation generated by the standard curve. On completion of testing, participants were introduced to the dietary regimes and trial procedures used during the study. It was requested that participants maintain their training throughout the dietary interventions and washout period. Study design A randomised, single blind cross over design was Anidulafungin (LY303366) used to test the effect of whey protein isolates supplementation on endurance performance and recovery.
The dietary interventions were randomly assigned and participants were blinded to the intervention, by matching CHO beverage and CHO + WPI beverage for taste, smell and appearance. Each dietary protocol was followed for a total of 16 d (14 d followed by 2 d CHO loading phase) with a 4 week wash out period to separate the dietary interventions. Dietary interventions were isocaloric and CHO content matched (see Table 1 for nutritional value of diets). Diets were isocaloric through altering the amount of fat consumed, however the total fat content in the CHO group still contributed less than 30% of total energy. The extra 1.2 g . kg-1. bw/d of protein was supplemented with whey protein isolates (Table 2) and was provided in a readymade sports drink (Table 3; provided courtesy of MG Nutritionals, Australia).