In light of the mentioned argument, we continued the investigation on triplet MQW structure in this manuscript to further develop an active design of MQW structure WOLEDs. Here, TPBi was used as the PBL, and 4,4′-N,N′-dicarbazole-biphenyl (CBP) was adopted as the host, 4,4′-bis(9-ethyl-3-carbazovinylene)-1,1′-biphenyl (BCzVBi) was used as blue fluorescent dopant, and fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium(III) (Ir(ppy)3) and tris(1-phenylisoquinoline)iridium(III) (Ir(piq)3) were used as AZD6738 green and red phosphor dopants, respectively. It was found that the WOLEDs with TPBi as the PBL formed type-I MQW structure and showed the best
electroluminescent (EL) performance, i.e., maximum luminance, peak current efficiency, and power Staurosporine ic50 efficiency are 17,700 cd/m2, 16.4 cd/A, and 8.3 lm/W, which increased by 53.3% and 50.9% for current efficiency and power efficiency compared to those in a traditional three-layer structure, respectively. The improved EL performance was attributed to uniform distribution and rigorous confinement of carriers and excitons. We also constructed WOLEDs with type-II MQW structure, in which the PBL of
TPBi in the above-mentioned WOLEDs was changed to 4,7-diphenyl-1, 10-phenanthroline (Bphen) or 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1, 10-phenanthroline (BCP), learn more respectively, but keeping other condition to be identical. Low EL performances were obtained, which resulted from poor confinement of carriers and excitons within the EML of the type-II MQW structure; a more detailed mechanism was also discussed. Methods Patterned indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrates
with a sheet resistance of 10 Ω/sq were routinely cleaned and treated with ultraviolet ozone for 15 min before loading into a high vacuum chamber (approximately 3 × 10−4 Pa). The 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase organic materials for fabrication were procured commercially without further purification. Thermal deposition rates for organic materials, metal oxide, and Al were 0.2, 0.05, and 1 nm/s, respectively. Al cathode was finally deposited with a shadow mask that defined an active device area of 3 × 3 mm2. The WOLEDs were with the following structure: ITO/MoO3 (5 nm)/CBP (20 nm)/CBP: 10% BCzVBi (5 nm)/PBL (2 nm)/CBP: 5% Ir(ppy)3 (4 nm)/PBL (2 nm)/CBP: 4% Ir(piq)3 (4 nm)/PBL (2 nm)/Bphen (45 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm). Here, PBL denotes TPBi, Bphen, and BCP for devices A, B, and C, respectively; MoO3, CBP, and Bphen function as hole injection layer, hole transport layer, and electron transport layer, respectively; doped EMLs of blue, green, and red act as PWLs simultaneously in MQW structure WOLEDs. The device without PBL is referred to as reference device with the traditional three-layer structure. EL spectra were measured with an OPT-2000 spectrophotometer (Photoelectric Instrument Factory of Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China).