5(55) Higher dmft index at baseline showed a higher risk of new

5(5.5). Higher dmft index at baseline showed a higher risk of new initial lesions (HR = 1.93; P < 0.0001). Higher number of active initial lesions, at baseline and during follow-up visits, is a higher risk predictor for new initial lesions (HR = 9.49; P < 0.0001), as well as for no arrestment

of active lesions during follow-up (HR = 1.32; P < 0.0001). Each follow-up visit attended presented a 77% lower risk of initial lesions. The majority (94.8%) of patients did not show new initial lesions. The Program is effective on reducing the incidence and promoting regression of initial caries lesions in children. "
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011; 21: 261–270 Background.  The understanding and detection of molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is PS 341 linked to its recognition by clinicians. No study has investigated dental clinicians’ level of perception regarding MIH in the Middle East region including Iraq. Aim.  To determine the perception of Iraqi academic clinicians about MIH prevalence, severity and aetiological factors. Design.  A questionnaire, based on previous European and Australian/New Zealand studies was administered to the academic dental staff of Mosul University. HSP inhibitor Results.  A response rate of 77.7% was reported. General dental practitioners represented 30.8% of the total respondents, whilst 65.1% were dentists with post-graduate

qualification. The majority of the respondents (81.2%) encountered MIH in their clinical activities and 37.3% of them identified that the prevalence appeared to have increased in recent years. Fewer than half of the respondents observed MIH affected teeth on a monthly basis. The condition was less commonly seen in primary second molars than the first permanent molars. A variation in views was recorded about MIH specific aetiological factor/s. Respondents advocated the need for clinical training regarding MIH-aetiological and therapeutic fields. Conclusions.  Molar-incisor hypomineralisation is a condition commonly diagnosed by Iraqi dental academics. No apparent consensus existed Bay 11-7085 between

the general and specialist dentists regarding the anticipated prevalence, severity and aetiology of this condition. “
“The paediatric dentist must be familiar with a range of medical problems which can affect the mouth or general health of children. Dental clinicians are ideally placed to help with the detection of a range of gastrointestinal issues and should know when to refer to the paediatric specialist for advice. This article reviews the common gastrointestinal tract (GIT) conditions that can affect children reviewing the conditions, their usual treatments, and how they can influence the mouth and the oral environment. This article will review how the different conditions may produce oral symptoms and signs. The management of the oral problems and appropriate photographs are covered well in other texts and will not be included here.

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