e., joining together left and right halves of the same face posing different neutral or happy expressions) and asked to judge whether the upper or bottom face looked happier. Right-hemisphere damaged patients with left neglect typically select the face that is smiling on the right side of the display (e.g., Mattingley et al., 1993, Mattingley et al., 1994 and Ferber et al., 2003), whereas the opposite tends to apply for normal controls (e.g., Mattingley et al., 1993, Mattingley et al., 1994 and Ferber and Murray, 2005). Prism adaptation
did not alter the strong rightward bias or ‘preference’ exhibited by the patients in this task. This latter finding in our three patients (Sarri et al., 2006) was a direct replication of a previously reported single-case study by Ferber et al. (2003), who likewise showed that Bortezomib price their patient continued to show a strong rightward bias in the face expression task after prism adaptation (despite an increase of ocular exploration towards the contralesional side in their case). Thus the apparent discrepancy between the effects of prism adaptation on different chimeric tasks, with benefits being found for identification of non-face chimeric objects (Sarri et al., 2006) yet not for emotional judgements of chimeric face tasks
(Ferber et al., 2003 and Sarri et al., 2006), still requires explanation. this website For the existing results, it may be hard to compare directly across tasks that varied both in
the nature of the judgement required and in the nature of the stimuli employed. One possibility is that specialized face-processing mechanisms in the brain, as indexed in the Mattingley et al. (1993) chimeric face expression task, may be less influenced by the prism intervention in neglect patients, than for other classes of stimuli. This might conceivably accord with abundant evidence for putatively specialized neural mechanisms for the processing of faces (e.g., see Farah et al., 1995, Kanwisher, 2000 and Duchaine and Nakayama, 2005) along ventral pathways, along with other recent suggestions that prism adaptation may primarily affect more dorsal pathways instead (e.g., Dankert and Ferber, 2006). GPX6 We note also that the judgement required of the chimeric face tasks is based on emotion recognition, which might potentially be less influenced by prism therapy than non-affective mechanisms (for evidence on the potentially separate mechanisms supporting recognition of facial identity versus emotion, see e.g., Bowers et al., 1985 and Young et al., 1993; and for specialized neural mechanisms for processing of emotional facial expressions see, e.g., Dolan et al., 1996, Winston et al., 2003 and Vuilleumier and Pourtois, 2007). On the other hand, the reported lack of prism effects for the chimeric face task might reflect some particular aspect of the task used, rather than the category of stimulus (i.e.