However, due to their physicochemical properties, characterizatio

However, due to their physicochemical properties, characterization of human hair proteins using classical proteomic approaches is still a challenge. To address this issue, we have used two complementary approaches to analyze proteins from the human hair cortex. The multidimensional protein identification technology (MudPit) approach allowed HDAC inhibitor review identifying all keratins and the major KAPs present in the hair as well as posttranslational modifications in keratins such as cysteine trioxidation, lysine, and histidine methylation. Then two-dimensional gel

electrophoresis coupled with MS (2-DE gel MS) allowed us to obtain the most complete 2-DE gel pattern of human hair proteins, revealing an unexpected heterogeneity of keratin structures. Analyses of these structures by differential peptide mapping have brought

evidence of cleaved species in hair keratins and suggest a preferential breaking zone in a-helical segments. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Different molecular weight forms of poly(ethylene oxide) can be used successfully in controlled release drug delivery due to their excellent matrix forming properties. Drug release of these materials follows nearly zero order kinetics, and is mainly governed by polymer swelling and erosion and diffusion of drug molecules. Because of its partly amorphous buy AZD1152 structure, poly(ethylene oxide) undergoes structural changes caused by elevated temperature and relative humidity of the storage medium resulting in an increased drug release. This physical process can be highly influenced by the structure of different drug molecules, such as polymer-binding ability and hydration tendency. These properties of two basic drugs embedded into poly(ethylene oxide) matrices were characterized by molecular modelling and an attempt was made to reveal their effect on the change of drug release stability, a prerequisite of the marketing authorization of dosage forms. The findings suggest that both the hydration properties of the AP24534 research buy active ingredient

and the molecular weight of the polymer influence the effect of physical ageing of poly(ethylene oxide) on the drug release properties of the matrix. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Cerebral vasospasm is a major cause of death and disability after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); however, clinical therapies to limit the development of cerebral vasospasm are lacking. Although the causative factors underlying the development of cerebral vasospasm are poorly understood, oxidative stress contributes to disease progression. In the present study, curcumin (150 or 300 mg/kg) protected against the development of cerebral vasospasm and limited secondary cerebral infarction after SAH in mice. The protective effect of curcumin was associated with a significant attenuation of inflammatory gene expression and lipid peroxidation within the cerebral cortex and the middle cerebral artery.

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