Mean (SD) volunteer age was 45.8 (9.19) years, height was 167 (11.8) cm, weight was 68.5 (11.6) kg, and body mass index was 24.4

(2.56) kg/m2. The majority of volunteers were females (70%) and white (80%). In Part B, all 10 volunteers received at least one dose of tacrolimus administered alone and nine volunteers received at least one dose of telaprevir. One volunteer was withdrawn due to noncompliance with study procedures. Mean (SD) volunteer age was 38.0 (11.0) years, height was 175 (6.73) cm, weight was 77.4 (11.7) kg, and body mass index was 25.4 (3.53) kg/m2. All volunteers were male (100%) and the majority were white (70%). The dose-normalized mean (SD) blood concentration-time profiles for cyclosporine administered either alone (day 1, period 1) or with telaprevir (days 1 and 8, period 2) are presented in Fig. 1. The Ruxolitinib chemical structure dose-normalized concentrations of cyclosporine were higher when coadministered with telaprevir than for cyclosporine administered alone. Without dose normalization, the cyclosporine concentrations were lower when coadministered as a 10-mg dose with telaprevir than following administration of a 100-mg dose of cyclosporine alone (concentration-time profile

without dose normalization not shown). Cyclosporine concentration-time profiles were comparable on day 1, period 2 and day 8, period 2, when a 10-mg dose of cyclosporine BYL719 in vitro was administered with either a single dose of telaprevir or at steady-state telaprevir. The mean (SD) PK and statistical parameters for cyclosporine administered either alone (100-mg dose; day 1, period 1) or with telaprevir (10-mg dose;

days 1 and 8, period 2) are summarized in Table 1. In Part A, a comparison of PK parameters when cyclosporine was administered alone versus coadministered with telaprevir indicated that median tmax of cyclosporine increased from 1.50 hours selleck chemical on day 1, period 1 to 2.50 hours on both days 1 and 8, period 2; mean Vz/F changed from 955 L on day 1, period 1 to 1,010 L on day 1, period 2 and 735 L on day 8, period 2; mean CL/F decreased from 56.3 L/h on day 1, period 1 to 14.3 L/h on day 1, period 2 and 12.5 L/h on day 8, period 2; and mean t½ increased from 12.0 hours on day 1, period 1 to 52.5 hours on day 1, period 2 and 42.1 hours on day 8, period 2. The DN_Cmax GLS mean ratios (90% CI) for cyclosporine coadministered with telaprevir were 1.36 (1.12, 1.65) on day 1, period 2 and 1.32 (1.08, 1.60) on day 8, period 2 compared to cyclosporine administered alone. Similarly, the DN_AUC0-∞ GLS mean ratios (90% CI) for cyclosporine coadministered with telaprevir were 4.11 (3.49, 4.85) on day 1, period 2 and 4.64 (3.90, 5.51) on day 8, period 2 compared to cyclosporine administered alone on day 1, period 1, indicating a significant effect of a single dose and steady-state telaprevir on the PK of cyclosporine.