The current study was conducted to characterize hypoglycaemic events among UK patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated with antihyperglycaemic medications, and assess the relationship between experience of hypoglycaemic events and health outcomes, including
glycaemic control, health-related quality FK506 of life, impairment to work and non-work activities, treatment satisfaction, adherence to treatment, fear of hypoglycaemia, and healthcare resource use.
Methods: An online survey of 1,329 T2D patients in UK drawn from an opt-in survey panel was conducted in February of 2012 with monthly follow-up questionnaires for five months. Measures included self-reported HbA1c, EQ-5D, Work Productivity and Activity
Impairment questionnaire, Diabetes Medication Satisfaction Tool, Morisky medication adherence scale, the Hypoglycaemia learn more Fear Survey (revised), and self-reported healthcare resource use. Comparisons were conducted using t-tests and chi-square tests for continuous and categorical variables, respectively.
Results: Baseline comparisons showed that worse HbA1c, greater diabetes-related healthcare resource use, greater fear of hypoglycaemia, and impaired health outcomes were associated with experience of hypoglycaemia in the four weeks prior to baseline. Longitudinal results were similar in direction but differences on few measures were significant.
Conclusions: In real-world UK T2D patients, hypoglycaemia is associated with worse self-reported glycaemic control, behaviours that contribute to worse glycaemic control, and impairment in patient-reported outcomes.”
“In this paper, we present a novel approach to segment
dense, homogeneous objects in a tomographic reconstruction Selleck SN-38 (or tomogram). A popular method to extract such objects from a tomogram is global thresholding, in which the threshold value is determined from the image histogram. However, accurate threshold selection is not straightforward, since, due to noise or artefacts in the reconstruction, the histogram does not always contain a clear, separate peak for the dense object. We propose a new threshold estimation approach, segmentation inconsistency minimization, that exploits the available projection data to determine the optimal global threshold. The proposed algorithm was tested on simulation data and on experimental mu CT data. The results show that this method results in more accurate segmentations, compared to alternative threshold selection methods.”
“P>Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is frequently detected after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT); however, the clinical interpretation of HHV-6 viremia in a transplant patient is challenging as it may signify asymptomatic reactivation, chromosomal integration of the virus genome in the donor or recipient with no clinical significance, or severe HHV-6 disease.