While the coming CFP does not arrange for RBM in a systematic and

While the coming CFP does not arrange for RBM in a systematic and formalized sense,

it nevertheless comprises some openings for operators to pursue RBM like arrangements in cooperation with member states, mainly as concerns the implementation of management plans and landing obligations. This work is an outcome check details of the EcoFishMan project (www.ecofishman.com)—a 7th Framework research project that seeks to develop a results based fisheries management alternative in Europe (KBBE; grant agreement nr. FP7-265401). The authors are indebted to project colleagues, stakeholders and external advisors. They are particular grateful to Mogens Schou (affiliated with Danish CQM initiatives), Daryl Sykes (director of the New Zealand Rock Lobster Industry Council), Pamela Maze, Rosemary Hurst and other see more experts in New Zealand, who generously offered insights in fisheries management processes in New Zealand and in cases where commercial stakeholder originations have a strong role in management and research. “
“The distribution of many tropical parasitic diseases is a complex interplay of parasite biology (as well as associated vectors

or intermediate hosts thereof), suitability of the surrounding local environment and human-related factors, such as our biology and physiology, demography, and behaviour.1 and 2 Where this complex interplay is permissive it gives rise to a disease-endemic landscape, and where it is not delineates its boundaries or absence. Such patterns can be temporal and operate at different scales, from the macro to the micro, the causal factors for which may or may not transfer Dapagliflozin across scales.2, 3 and 4 For example, at the macro level, areas may simply be too hot or cold to sustain parasite transmission

and whilst these thermal boundaries may still apply at the micro level, others become more influential, such as the numbers of infected people needed to sustain sufficient parasites in local transmission.5 Thus, at this fine scale level, parasites must exceed certain population thresholds to pass successfully from humans to their vectors/intermediate hosts, and vice versa, or sufficiently contaminate the environment as in the case of soil-transmitted helminths, to safeguard their infection potential(s).6 and 7 Assessing the transmission potential or actual patterns of endemicity at the micro-level is particularly challenging as a variety of potentially unique place-specific factors are involved; foremost, a detailed cartographical knowledge of the local area is needed which can be logistically challenging to record, especially if this knowledge is held verbally alone, i.e. distribution of households within a village.

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