Is there really a relation or are they just distinct coexisting diseases? Acknowledgements Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
A 56-year-old Tofacitinib Citrate Sigma Caucasian female underwent an evaluation for an ovarian mass in 2005. She had a CT scan of abdomen/pelvis, which incidentally showed a presacral mass, which appeared cystic and measured 3 cm × 2.9 cm, in addition to the suspicious ovarian mass that required surgical removal. Although her operation was initially delayed for 6 weeks because of an episode of diverticulitis with pericolic abscess, she underwent total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical salpingo-oophorectomy
and partial colonic resection. The presacral tailgut cyst (TGC) was left in place for unclear reasons. In 2008, she presented with hematuria, and a CT scan abdomen/pelvis revealed the cyst was larger, measuring 4.6 cm × 3.7 cm (Figures 1,,2).2). A digital rectal examination
gave the appreciation of a smooth mass. Further work-up included an Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical endorectal ultrasound that revealed a smoothly marginated pre-sacral mass. Fine needle aspiration of the TGC in early 2009 was inconclusive, revealing only mucin and calcification. She then had surgery to remove the mass in toto in fall of 2009, by trans-sacral excision, using the technique of the Kraske procedure (any other enquiries posterior Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical approach). On gross examination of the resected tissue, the TGC consisted of a disrupted sac-like structure, and measured 4.5 cm × 4 cm × 2.2 cm. The external surface was composed of soft, red-tan tissue. The histopathologic examination revealed presence of intestinal-type epithelium with dysplasia and invasive adenocarcinoma. Carcinoma was present in the muscle wall of the cyst Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical without vascular or perineural invasion, and the margins of resection were uninvolved by carcinoma. Carcinoma was moderately differentiated, although
there were Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical some solid clusters (“tumor budding”), a feature regarded to have adverse prognostic significance in colorectal primaries. Figure 1 Tail gut cyst, as indicated by the arrow Figure 2 Tail gut cyst, as indicated by the arrow Her medical history was significant for presence of Factor V Leiden with history of two episodes of deep vein thrombosis in lower extremities. Her family history was unrevealing for Cilengitide malignancies. She reported a 40-pack-year smoking history. She denied any constitutional symptoms, gastrointestinal and genitourinary symptoms. Physical examination was not significant for any abnormality. Invasive carcinoma was found within the muscular wall of the cyst, and based on the origin in this ectopic site, it was not possible to provide a TNM stage. A whole body PET-CT scan done four months after surgery did not demonstrate any abnormal hypermetabolic activity to suggest metastatic disease. MRI pelvis also was unrevealing for any evidence of recurrent disease in the pelvis.